BREAST CANCER TREATMENT
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Mastectomy is the complete removal of breast tissue. It is used when breast conserving surgery is not appropriate. When the patient has axillary lymph node involvement, a modified radical mastectomy, i.e. removal of the entire breast and a large portion of the axillary lymph nodes, is performed. It is the classical surgical treatment of breast cancer. Good local control; low risk of tumor recurrence.
Who does it apply to?
In the past, mastectomy was commonly preferred for patients with large tumors and/or tumors with widespread distribution in the breast (multifocal tumors) for whom breast-conserving surgery is not appropriate.
In his family, 1. If breast cancer is hereditary in some patients with breast cancer in close relatives, mastectomy can also be performed on the disease-free breast for risk reduction and protection. Such surgeries can also be performed as skin-sparing in early-stage tumors or as ‘nipple-sparing mastectomy’ in tumors located far from the nipple. In addition, simultaneous reconstructive procedures for cosmetic purposes can be performed in collaboration with a plastic surgeon. During surgery in which the nipple is preserved, a single dose of radiotherapy (intraoperative radiotherapy) can also be given to the patient’s nipple under anesthesia and on the operating table.