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Signs of Breast Cancer
Major Symptoms that may be a Sign of Breast Cancer
- Palpable mass in the breast or armpit (hardness, swelling)
- Discharge from the nipple (bloody or transparent color from a single duct)
- Inward retraction, collapse or deformity of the nipple
- Changes in the skin of the nipple (peeling, crusting)
- Sores or redness of the breast skin
- Edema, swelling and inward shrinkage of the breast skin (orange peel appearance)
- Breast enlargement, deformity or asymmetry or change in color (redness, etc.)
Every woman may have discharge from the nipple at various times. Especially when the nipple is squeezed, yellow-green colored discharge with the consistency of boza is considered normal. Milk from the nipple in non-pregnant women is not a sign of cancer; this may be related to hormonal changes in the body. What is important for cancer is that the discharge comes spontaneously without squeezing the nipple. This is noticeable when the bra or underwear gets wet. Especially if the discharge is dark brown, black or blood-colored, this is an important finding. In such a case, a sample of the discharge from the nipple should be taken and examined in the laboratory.
Cyst in the Breast
Thickening, swelling, discoloration of the breast skin
Sometimes cancer can start without a mass in the breast, directly with some changes in the breast skin. The appearance of redness, thickening, orange peel-like shrinkage in one area of the breast skin can be considered as the first sign of cancer. If you notice such changes in the skin of the breast, you should consult a doctor.
Thickening, redness or sores on the nipple
Changes in the nipple are also important for cancer. Changes such as redness and sores, especially around the nipple, may be a sign of cancer even if there is no mass in the breast.
Inward Drawing in the Breast or Nipple
In some women, both nipples may be inverted from childhood. This does not mean any disease. In such cases, breastfeeding is often not possible. Such structural defects can be surgically corrected for cosmetic purposes, i.e. for appearance only. Important in terms of cancer is the recent retraction of the head of one breast. In such a case, you should consult a doctor.
Change in the Position of the Nipples
The position of the nipples may also change. The nipple can be pulled to one side. This can also be a sign of cancer.
Change in the Shape of the Breast
Often both breasts are not symmetrical and one breast may be larger than the other. This is a normal structure. Sometimes there may also be a change in the general roundness or shape of the breasts. What is important for cancer is the subsequent change in symmetry.
A palpable mass in the armpit
A palpable lump in the armpit may be an enlarged lymph node, which can have many causes. Sometimes it can also be the first sign of breast cancer. Therefore, if you have not had a recent infection in your hand or arm, this mass should be examined.